What Is a Hip Arthroscopy?
A hip arthroscopy is a surgical procedure used to diagnose the cause of certain types of hip pain. The surgeon uses the arthroscope—a tiny camera—to look directly into the joint and surrounding area. This enables a more accurate diagnosis so the surgeon can decide on the best treatment option. The surgeon may be able to treat the hip pain using small surgical instruments in addition to the arthroscope or total hip replacement surgery may be required.
What Does a Hip Arthroscopy Treat?
A hip arthroscopy may be recommended for these hip problems:
- Loose cartilage or bone fragments
- Hip joint infection
- Labral cartilage tears of the hip
- Inflamed tissue in the hip joint
What To Expect With a Hip Arthroscopy
A hip arthroscopy typically requires general anesthesia. This means the patient is unconscious for the duration of the procedure. The surgeon first makes a small incision or incisions in the hip area. This is large enough for small instruments, including a camera to guide the surgeon, to be inserted to perform the surgery. Then, the surgeon assesses the hip joint and performs surgery to relieve hip pain or recommends hip replacement surgery, depending on the severity of the damage to the joint.